Non Stop Erotic Cabaret

The making of Soft Cell's Non Stop Erotic Cabaret  

1 Frustration
2 Tainted Love*
3 Seedy Films
4 Youth
5 Sex Dwarf
6 Entertain Me
7 Chips On My Shoulder
8 Bedsitter
9 My Secret Life
10 Say Hello, Wave Goodbye

Marc Almond: vocals
Dave Ball: instruments
Vicious Pink Phenomena: backing vocals
Dave Tofani: saxophone and clarinet
 

Recorded by Don Wershba at Mediasound, New York
*Recorded by Paul Hardiman at Advision, London
Mixed by Harvey Goldberg at Mediasound
Produced by Mike Thorne

Towards the end of 1981, with the world going mad around and about us, it was time to record the follow-up to Tainted Love.  That first major-label single from the group would go on be the biggest-selling single in the UK of that year, eventually topping charts around the world and even making #8 in the US Billboard Hot 100 in a national market defiantly resistant to new sounds in general and, at that time, synth-based music in particular.

You never become blasé about hearing your work sounding in public places, and Tainted Love had a ubiquity that could verge on overwhelming.  By stepping outside the stylistic norm instead of slavishly following it, you leave yourself high- or zero-reward options only.  There’s no middle ground.  You can’t have an average hit, as you can when playing safe by cozying up to the sonic style of the moment.  In the UK, the record had exceeded the wildest expectations, and there was no more discussion about whether acoustic drums should substitute for the novel machine sounds.  In fall 1981, the record was all over Europe but hadn’t established any foothold in even the most progressive of New York club spaces.

Then I went to see Human Sexual Response, an anarchic Boston seven-piece for whom I had just produced In A Roman Mood, their second album.  They were playing fairly late at Chase West, a briefly-functioning club above the bank at the corner of Houston and Broadway in downtown New York which could only be accessed by a large and ancient industrial elevator.  As the cage rose slowly towards the fifth floor, Tainted Love gradually faded up from the receding traffic noise below. 

We hit the dance floor so fast to savor the first time we had ever heard it out loud in the city.  Anita Sarko, soon to become one of New York’s most prominent 80s Djs, had brought it back from London and, much to her disgust, it was killing the dance floor after the Motown retro that to which the crowd had been lurching earlier.  That didn’t matter to us, nor did the track’s feeling unusually fast for its time.

The committee had chosen Bedsitter as the second single.  I wanted the best resources available, given that we had to follow what was to be one of the best-known singles of the era, so I insisted the recording take place where I could provide the support of my considerable collection of sound-mangling machines and new-fangled synthesizers.  The group did not object to traveling to New York…….

You would think that making a great record when sales were clearly guaranteed would be the priority of any record company.  Not so.  That’s a longer-term issue than the promotion department’s landing interviews and TV performances to boost whatever already is.  Fighting off other interests to give the group and me the space we needed, even if only for a follow-up single, was a constant background pressure.  Could they just do one more show on Saturday morning before flying to New York???  There are worse problems, but these were a strain for all concerned. 

Soft Cell’s idea for Tainted Love of recording the whole extended dance track then extracting by edit the commercially all-important 7” single had become my constant method when recording any single, and would remain so until I retired from hired-gun production in 1994.  Recording the long version gave a better conceptual whole, and provoked sufficient material to keep the interest going over long dance-floor periods.  Extra material generated for a long version after the fact of the initial recording can often feel a little tired.  Conversely, ideas can be generated within an extended framework which rebound into the short version and lift it.

This time, I took more of the initiative in the large scale structure, building an eight-minute behemoth out of the original 3’35” song.  The group rose to the challenge with new musical ideas only to be heard on the 12” version, and the process worked very smoothly.  Especially creative was Marc’s dense additional center vocal section, prefiguring the inevitable rap centerpiece of dance tracks a decade later.  The mounting bedlam of the last choruses of the 12” grew imperceptibly sideways of what might otherwise been just a rousing repeat of the familiar theme as was on the 7”.

Many years later, a musical collaborator would remark about what an awful existence Marc must have had if you gauged it by his song lyrics.  Bedsitter, the self-written follow-up to the cover of what was already a classic song, threw into harsh perspective the downside of club fun and the futility of escaping from sordid, youthful hormonally-driven reality.  He would develop such themes throughout his musical career, far more articulately than most later pretenders.  He had the ability to draw us into the depressed character and his hangover pain but then treat the subject lightly with a few images we all recognized.  We could all laugh along ironically together, including the sad character singing the song, in a sympathetic conviviality.

Sunday morning, going slow
I’m talking to the radio
Clothes and records on the floor
The memories of the night before

Out in clubland having fun
And now I’m hiding from the sun
Waiting for a visitor
Though no-one knows I’m here for sure

The sounds on the record, mostly derived from the Synclavier, still glow brightly.  This, the first commercially-available digital synthesizer and the only one until Yamaha’s DX7 of 1983, had also helped make Tainted Love sonically unique.  It shared the stage with Dave Ball’s own appropriately grungy two-octave bass keyboard which he sneaked back and forth to New York at risk of US immigration’s questioning what he might be doing with it there.  This was the start of the group’s love-hate relationship with the powerful machine that would eventually culminate in a power struggle and the end of an unusually productive creative relationship.

There was never any argument about the drum machine, the Roland 808 which had just been introduced and whose tinny but distinctive sounds were to become classic.  A few days before the group were due in, I just walked into Manny’s and bought it sound unheard.  (I later gave it away to Holly Beth Vincent and eventually regretted doing so, but the sounds themselves are quite easy to synthesize and in any case I sampled them all before parting.)

One of the strengths of Soft Cell’s music at that time was its unadorned simplicity.  This was no accident.  With Dave’s bass lines played with something resembling one-finger typewriter technique and Marc’s wordy vocal lines and passionately idiosyncratic delivery, the musical space was filled without fluff or unnecessary fat: the opposite of Baroque.  Flash was at a minimum, the message maximum.  The stiff, unvarying patterns of the early drum machines served the same minimalist function and kept us fully grounded.  You’re forced to get it right with the minimum of resources, and if you can transcend the ever-lurking banality you can achieve direct and effective music.

The making of Soft Cell's Non Stop Erotic CabaretI’m not a particularly competent keyboard player, but often found myself technically more capable than the musician whose recording I was producing.  Very early, I made the rule for myself that I would never sit down at someone else’s keys and usurp their position.  Most producers might not exercise such reserve, but I had recognized that the simple musical results would work only when a player of limited capabilities evolved them to the best of their abilities.  That way, you don’t get dazzled and diverted by pure technique, as has happened often in too many pop music phases.  Prog rock is a term that rightly sends shivers down any minimalist’s spine, and much of that genre seems to me to be a result of fingers moving faster than the heart.

We delivered the follow-up single and it duly made the top five in the UK charts.  This was the confidence boost essential for the group.  A poor showing with their own song following a gigantic cover version could have been devastating.  But their existence was fully vindicated with this unique-sounding track.

While not sacrificing its ingenuousness, most of the enclosing album, Non-Stop Erotic Cabaret, has an assurance unusual for a first album.  Not least of such tracks is Sleazy Films, a track clearly inspired by the old Times Square of peep shows and exotic dancers.  The bedroom synthesizer sound came of age when we co-opted several top New York session musicians whose technical class and quality in the middle of the simplest electronic texture might have sounded pretentious but somehow fitted immediately.  Dave Tofani’s lubriciously extended clarinet solo takes the whole track away from anything previously heard.  We didn’t miss noticing, and it would be a staple for the next two albums.

The balancing of Soft Cell’s quirky and whimsical observations of the soft personal underbelly is songs like Youth and, most prominently, Say Hello And Wave Goodbye.  Youth is written about people who suffer just that.  The other is a perceptive insight into an older trapped individual retreating bitterly from a hurtful experience.  We didn’t see it coming that this track would become a signature classic and the third single which would confirm the group’s position in the top handful.  But we did put some work into it.  It deserved to be their third top-five single.

Standing at the door of the Pink Flamingo
Crying in the rain
It was a kind of so-so love
And I’m gonna make sure
It never happens again


In 1981,
the Pink Flamingo wasn’t a spotty adolescent club.  The raucous and rebellious Soho (London) original had been gone for a generation, the name appropriated by the same age group a few experiences on but now with a different, altogether more staid rockin’ rating.  The narrator is a wholly different character from that of Bedsitter, another disillusioned character but one who sounds like a whole generation ahead of his predecessor.  Making the character convincing and personally relevant to the rest of us was Marc’s lyrical achievement and one which to me still ranks among his best.


At the climax of the song is the possible key to the demise of the self-confidence of Soft Cell.  Another two singles after Say Hello, they had struck the top five on five consecutive outings.  They would start the slip on their second album, the last we would work on together.  ‘It’s a shame that Marc sings so horribly out of tune,’ said Ramon Lopez, the ultimate head of Soft Cell’s record company, and in so many words.  He was later to hire me in 1994 as ‘Director, New Music Media Development’ for Warner Music International when I had terminated my career as a commercial record producer.  Shortly after these Soft Cell recordings, I would bump into him and have a social, articulate discussion.  He would inevitably bring up Marc’s out-of-tune singing as an issue, implying that I should have fixed it.

I’ve discussed the subject of accuracy versus human impact elsewhere.  As I have written, the tough guy knows when a point has been made, and can feel when the hairs on the forearms of the audience rise in sympathy and response.  The typical audience is composed of amateur enthusiasts looking for excitement and don’t talk about intonation or (to invoke a classical tempo equivalent which was very controversial in its time when Chopin defined it) rubato.  Saluting hairs have nothing to do with hitting the right frequency, or ‘singing in tune’.  They are about something we don’t quite understand, but recognize it when we hear it.  That’s if we have the confidence to say out loud, ‘I like it.’  An artist delivering the message can’t always have the return receptors to recognize the effectiveness of the human delivery they have achieved: that old objective/subjective thing.  So they look elsewhere for affirmation.  And are often subverted and perverted by ensuring that the technical issues are in place while missing the emotional ones.

I have listenedto several versions of Say Hello, Wave Goodbye.  But for the release of the third Soft Cell single, we prepared three.  I made numbers two and three by myself in New York, while the group were fulfilling their madhouse promotion/marketing obligations somewhere else on the planet.  If I recall correctly, the single was defined and mixed for the album, and then I called Dave Tofani (he of the marvelous and influential clarinet solo in Seedy Films) to play a loose solo over the base track without vocals (already defined as a stereo as the standard ‘TV track’), used for a voice-over appearance where the vocal was sung live but the instrumental support, if any, was mimed).  That became the flip side of the 7” single.  For the extended 12” version, I stitched the two together, alternating between the vocal and clarinet zones.  If I say that the edits sound clunky now, I’m in the same critical space as Marc when he complains about the vocal pitching.  To both complaints, the lay listener would just look astonished.  The long version became a minor classic in its own right.

All deliveries and versions of this classic song and recording raise the hairs on the forearms.  Mine included.  I would suggest that there is no other measure of success or effectiveness.  For a more extensive grumble about the safe substitution of accuracy for emotion as a measure of musical effectiveness, see my coming essay on Accuracy And Emotion, an attempt by this enthusiast and punter to reconcile the validity of things that you love when the engineer/priest experts say they have bits falling off them.

Balancing the passion of Youth and Say Hello is Sex Dwarf.  Later to reach full fruition on Non-Stop Ecstatic Dancing, it is one of the first pop songs to laugh with funny sexual areas rather than just at them.  Every generation discovers places for socially dodgy exploration.  Probably everyone has done the same things with each other ever since whenever.  But we can perhaps now have the most explicit fun since Geoffrey Chaucer.  Somewhere in between are songs like Chips On My Shoulder, which could easily have been delivered by a punk combo, and Entertain Me, a latter-day vaudeville transplant with a sharp touch.

Non-Stop Erotic Cabaret remains as fresh as when we delivered it 23 years ago, more so than the double album which was to follow it (The Art Of Falling Apart). Soft Cell were one of the most distinctive and creative acts to emerge in the vibrant eighties.  The fortunate collision with sources of brand new sounds left one generation of recordings, starting with Tainted Love, in a timeless sonic space.  Another contribution was New York.  The city energizes anyone who experiences it, and Marc and Dave each grabbed the possibilities with both dirty hands.  The sound would have seemed strange in a London studio of the time, and on 57th Street at Mediasound it was verging on Martian.  The engineers were hearing something even more different, and I often think that their efforts, being without stylistic presumptions other than making something work on its own terms were a big contribution also. 

Whatever the confluence of intent and environment, the record still sets its own standards.

- MT March 2004

Soft Cell at the Stereo Society:
To Tainted Love production note
To Non Stop Erotic Cabaret production note
To Non Stop Ecstatic Dancing production note
To Torch production note
To The Art Of Falling Apart production note

To Marc Almond's Fantastic Star production note

To Mike Thorne talks to Sound On Sound magazine about Tainted Love, April 2012

Complete Thorne production commentaries:
Marc Almond: Fantastic Star
Laurie Anderson: Strange Angels
BETTY: Hello BETTY!
BETTY: Carnival
BETTY: Jungle Jane remixes
Bronski Beat: Age Of Consent
Bronski Beat: Smalltown Boy
Bronski Beat: Why?
Bronski Beat: Hundreds And Thousands
John Cale: Honi Soit
Carmel: Bad Day
Carmel: The Drum Is Everything
Carmel: It's All In The Game
Communards
Deep Purple: Fireball air conditioning
Flowerpot Men: Walk On Gilded Splinters
Ives/Reinhard: Universe Symphony
Johnny Reinhard: Ravening remix
Sex Pistols: Anarchy In The UK
Sex Pistols: Jubilee boxed set
Siouxsie and the Banshees: Song From The Edge Of The World
Soft Cell: Non Stop Ecstatic Dancing
Soft Cell: Non Stop Erotic Cabaret
Soft Cell: Tainted Love
Soft Cell: The Art Of Falling Apart
Soft Cell: Torch
Soft Machine: Alive And Well In Paris
Symphony Of Saxes: White Cliffs Of Dover
Telephone: Anna
The Roxy London WC2 (Jan-Apr 77)
The Shirts
The Shirts: Streetlight Shine
The The: Uncertain Smile
Til Tuesday: Voices Carry
Wire: Pink Flag
Wire: I Am The Fly
Wire: Chairs Missing
Wire: Outdoor Miner
Wire: 154